English Toy Spaniel Info

The English Toy Spaniel is a small, square shaped toy dog of spaniel ancestry. The round, head is large in relation to the dog. The muzzle is very short, with a pushed back nose and extra skin under the eyes. The stop is deep and well-defined, with a large black nose with wide nostrils. The square jaw is large and deep with a slight underbite. The large eyes are dark brown or black with black eye rims. The ears are very long, hanging close to the head with heavy feathering. The ears should not have white on them. The tail is either a natural screw, or is docked to about 2 to 4 inches in length. Note: docking tails is illegal in most parts of Europe. The long coat is straight or slightly wavy with longer feathering on the ears, body chest, front and back legs, and feet. Coat colors are Blenheim (white with red markings), Prince Charles (tricolor, white with black and tan markings), King Charles (black and tan), Ruby (rich mahogany red, sometimes with a few white hairs or small white patch on the chest).

The English Toy Spaniel is gentle, happy, playful, loving and sweet. The breed is intelligent and naturally well-behaved. They will be quiet and laid back if treated gently, but firmly. They are usually very friendly with other dogs. They will be good with all children if both owners and children are clear pack leaders towards the dog. It is an average barker, and is an okay watchdog. They are, however, considered exclusively a companion dog. Some are known to be picky eaters. The English Toy Spaniel needs to be with people who can provide them with a determined, consistent, loving approach.

Height: about 10 inches Weight: 8-14 pounds

Health Problems

Some bloodlines are prone to respiratory problems, heart disease (MVD), slipped stifle, eye problems and ear infections. Keep the eyes and ears clean to avoid infection. Like many other short-faced breeds, the English Toy Spaniel may wheeze and snore and have trouble breathing in hot weather if they overexert themselves, because of their very, short muzzle. They do not have the redundant throat tissue of the bully breeds, but care should be exercised in hot weather.

Suitabilities & Exercise Needs

They are wonderful apartment dogs, their small size and easy of grooming make them the perfect apartment dog. They enjoy a romp at the dog park or in the yard, but do not require a lot of exercise.
Life Expectancy

About 10-12 years.

They are average shedders, no more than any other single coated breed. No clipping, trimming or stripping is needed. Regular brushing will due.


In the late 1600′s the King Charles Spaniels were interbred with Pugs, which resulted in a smaller dog with flatter noses, upturned faces, rounded heads and protruding eyes. The consequence of this breeding is what we know today as the King Charles Spaniel (English Toy Spaniel). It was developed in the British Isles and was a favorite of British Royalty. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1886.